Senior instructors at the JKA developed the Five Dojo Kun which serve as a set of guiding principles or ethics essential to the dojo and the karate-ka but also extended to ones every day activities and way of life.
All JKA karate-ka commit the dojo kun to memory. With each practice session at the dojo, students kneel in the seiza position and repeat the five principles out loud.
The five principles are:
一、人格 完成に 努める こと
HITOTSU: Jinkaku kansei ni tsutomuru koto
a) Seek perfection of character
b) To strive for perfection of character
HITOTSU: Makoto no michi o mamoru koto
a) Be fateful
b) To defend the paths of truth
HITOTSU: Doryoku no seishin o yashinau koto
b) To foster the spirit of effort
HITOTSU: Reigi o omonzuru koto
a) Respect others
b) To honour the principles of etiquette
HITOTSU: Kekki no yuu o imashimuru koto
a) Refrain from violent behaviour
b) To guard against impetuous courage
The word "Hitotsu" means "one" or "first" and is prepended to each rule to place it at the same level of importance as the others.
The word dojo literally means ‘place of the way’ or ‘training room’.
The dojo is considered to be a very special place and should be treated with respect. To uphold the tradition of karate-do there are rules of conduct and standards of etiquette which we follow.
Strive to learn the correct dojo etiquette and endeavour to apply the principals of karate in your interaction with instructors and fellow karate-ka. The observation of the basic forms of etiquette is essential to the creation of a respectful and attentive atmosphere, which is conducive to learning.
There are many rules one learns by spending time in the dojo. Some of the basic rules are outlined below. The intention of the rules is to develop positive personal qualities as well as establish a positive social setting.
The following rules all have equal importance and are not listed in any particular order: